Tooth extraction, or dental extraction, is the removal of a tooth from the mouth. There are many different reasons why a dentist may recommend tooth extraction, and it can be performed on any tooth inside the mouth. It is helpful to understand why a dentist may recommend it and how it can help your long-term…
FAQs About Your Tooth Extraction
Having a tooth removed is called a tooth extraction. Many people undergo the procedure at some point in their lives for the benefit of their oral health. It can be beneficial to learn as much as possible about this standard dental procedure. Read on to find out how to prepare for your tooth extraction and what the procedure entails.
While many teens and even some adults get their wisdom teeth removed, there are several other reasons tooth extraction may be necessary in adulthood. Sometimes, teeth need to be removed due to disease, trauma, or decay. Tooth extraction is usually performed by an oral surgeon or dentist. The two main types of extractions are a simple extraction and a surgical extraction. The type of extraction necessary depends on every individual’s case.
Before a tooth is removed, the dentist will review the patient’s medical and dental history. The appropriate X-rays will also be taken. X-rays are useful because they reveal the shape, length, and position of the tooth and surrounding bone. This information will help the dentist to estimate the degree of difficulty of the procedure. If necessary, the patient may be referred to an oral surgeon.
Before removal during a simple extraction, a local anesthetic will be used to numb the area around the tooth. But during a surgical extraction, the provider may administer intravenous (IV) anesthesia. This can range from general anesthesia to conscious sedation. With general anesthesia, the patient will remain unconscious during the procedure. These patients need someone else to drive them home after the procedure and keep an eye on them until the sedation wears off.
Tooth extraction process
A simple extraction is often performed on a tooth that is visible in the mouth. Simple extractions are commonly done by general dentists. During a simple extraction, the provider will numb the tooth and gum tissue. An instrument called an elevator will be used to loosen the tooth before removing it with dental forceps.
A surgical extraction is more complex and is used for a tooth that may have broken off at the gumline. It is also ideal if the tooth has not yet come into the mouth. Oral surgeons often perform surgical extractions but general dentists are also qualified to do it. During a surgical extraction, the provider will make a small incision into the gum. The underlying tooth will then be removed. In some cases, they will have to remove some of the bone around the tooth or cut the tooth in half to remove it.
After the extraction
A simple extraction is ideal for removing visible teeth. On the other hand, teeth that are broken, impacted, or below the surface require a more involved procedure. For the first few days after the extraction, if you must rinse, rinse your mouth gently. If you experience swelling, apply an ice bag or a cold cloth and contact your dentist immediately. You should floss and brush the other teeth as usual. However, do not clean the teeth next to where the tooth was removed.
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